Do you compost?

< p> This is the mixture of organic and vegetable waste to produce a fertilizer which will be used for vegetable gardens and plantations

Organic matter or vegetable nature, decompose and recycle thanks to soil organisms which transform them into humus.

Domestic composting is on the same principle. We transform the waste from the house and the garden into a natural fertilizer that resembles humus: compost.

So, we recycle biodegradable materials, we reduce our waste and we fertilize our garden.

There are two types of residue to mix together:

green matter (moist, rich in nitrogen )

brown matter (dry, rich in carbon)

For a super compost, the ideal proportions are to mix about 1/3 of green matter and 2/3 of brown matter . Then aerate and stir the mixture - to facilitate the work of soil organisms. It is also very important to monitor the humidity of the mixture: it should above all not be soggy, but just moist.

Green matter:

Wet waste contains water, very useful in the process. But alone, they settle and suffocate, generating juices and unpleasant odors.

Peelings and leftover fruit and vegetables

Green garden waste: wilted flowers , pruning residue, mowing residue, weeds (without ripe seeds), etc.

Brown matter

Rather carbonaceous waste compost very slowly if it is alone. < / p>

Tea bags, herbal tea and coffee grounds (with filter)

Leftover bread, rice, pasta, legumes

Walnut husks

Crushed eggshells (contain mineral elements and facilitate aeration)

Dried tree leaves (they decompose faster if they are shredded)

Dry grass

Old potting soil

Straw, hay, sawdust, twigs

Newsprint

Animal hair and hair

Materials to avoid

Meat, fish, shellfish and bones

Milk products iers

Fats and oils

Plastic

Metals

Animal excrement and animal litter

Rhubarb leaves

Weeds mounted in seeds or creeping

Plants or diseased leaves

Wood ash

Lime Barbecue briquettes

Contents of the vacuum cleaner bag

Lint of the dryer

Materials contaminated with pesticides or dangerous products (for example, wood treaty)

On the ground, to facilitate colonization by worms, insects ... The compost will be placed in a hidden place, in partial shade and under cover wind will be ideal.

Organizations and resources can help you in your process

https://www.recyc-quebec.gouv.qc.ca/citoyens/ organic-materials / domestic-composting

htt ps: //craquebitume.org/compostage-urbain/

This is variable data, but it can take between 3 and 6 months to that the process is complete and that the compost is well decomposed and rich in humus.

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